How to Make Cannabis Gummies Featured Image with 12 green pineapple shaped gummies on a wooden cutting board with broken up cannabis bud and a white ceramic pineapple bookend with a gold top

How to Make Cannabis Gummies

When it comes to cannabis edibles, there are lots of choices: cookie, chocolate, gummy, capsule, sublingual tincture, etc.

In this article, you’ll learn all about cannabis gummies & how to make them at home! I’ll also teach you how to make cannabis butter & cannabis oil.

Ready to get started? Grab your oven mitts, prepare yourself for lots of cannabis puns & let’s go! (use the Table of Contents above to jump to each recipe)

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Benefits of Cannabis Gummies

In regard to cannabis and the stigma (still) surrounding it, many of those newer to cannabis are choosing ingestion via edible, capsule, or sublingual tincture. 

With something like cannabis cookies or cannagummies, you can physically break up the servings for greater dosing control.

For example, if one cannabis gummy has 20mg THC, you can halve or quarter that gummy to reduce the amount of THC to be ingested (i.e. reduce the psychoactive effects & intensity).

Whereas smoking via pipe, bong, or joint, dosing is much more of an estimate based on how long and hard you rip (inhale) that bong. Potency is also tougher to determine when inhaling.

Additionally, it’s much easier to microdose (i.e. repeated use of low doses) with edibles to treat certain ailments.

Different conditions are better treated by different cannabinoid ratios, therefore, something like a cannabis gummy is a great option when trying to achieve your minimum-effective dose.

Cannabis gummies are an excellent choice to help with:

  • Anxiety
  • Creating a sense of calmness
  • Insomnia/sleep
  • Muscle spasms
  • Nausea
  • Pain
  • Poor appetite
  • Relaxation

Since ingestion delivery methods take longer for effects to set in (30-120+ minutes) as it has to pass through the liver first, the effects will then in turn last that much longer, especially compared to smoking. 

time to onset and duration for inhalation, ingestion, sublingual, topical and transdermal delivery methods with cannabis fan leaf and URL for www.thepineappleexpressionist.com

Keep this in mind when using edibles for sleep. Give yourself 30-60 minutes before you’re ready to sleep since the onset takes a little longer and could initially wake you up if you take it right before bed.

It’s often easier to find CBD gummies vs. CBD hemp-derived flower. So if you’re looking for CBD dominance, gummies are another great choice for that reason.

Just keep in mind that not all CBD is created equal, and always be sure to purchase from a legitimate manufacturer with product testing labels readily available.

Although there are lots of great gummies with THC as well, not every state is allowed to sell or manufacture them. Check with your local state laws.

The Hard Truth When It Comes to Edibles

We’ve all been there (and if you haven’t, allow me to prevent you from ever getting there). We take our edible, wait 30, 45, 60 minutes, and nothing happens. 

Then our lack of patience chimes in like “hey, I don’t feel anything yet, let’s have more!”. 

So you take just a little more…and that edible must hear you talkin’ shit about it because then as soon you take that second dose, it kicks in hard enough to take you to the moon!

edibles: a cautionary tale meme 1. not high 2. not high 3. still not high 4. not high 5. bro...still not high (a.k.a. talkin' shit) 6. please take me to the emergency room. every. damn. time. with a url for www.thepineappleexpressionist.com with gummy bears and cannabis buds

So let this serve as a cautionary tale, but then again, you also won’t die. You’ll just be uncomfortable for longer than you’d like especially since time seems to stand still when you’re stoned.

Many factors such as your metabolism, ECS, stress levels, etc. will contribute to the time of onset & duration of effects. 

For example, if you’ve got a full belly when you take your edible, your body still needs to go through the whole digestion process for that meal before it’ll get to the edible.

Regardless, your best (and safest) bet is to just sit back, relax and wait.

This mantra is probably most relevant when it comes to THC edibles especially since they tend to have more psychoactive effects than THC from smoking due to that first pass through the liver, which converts THC into a more potent metabolite known as 11-hydroxy-THC.

Now if you do get a little too high, have some CBD and beta caryophyllene handy as these can reduce your high if needed. Beta caryophyllene is a terpene found in several cannabis strains, but also in peppercorn, cinnamon and basil.

And even if you’re using CBD edibles without the same “danger” of overindulging, slowly titrating up your dose is still best practice for any type of edible consumption.

Who Can Benefit Most from Cannabis Gummies?

This delivery method can be an excellent choice for children to help treat epilepsy (under a cannabis physician’s supervision), the elderly to help treat chronic pain, those trying cannabis or CBD for the very first time, and those sensitive to the effects of CBD and/or THC since you have much more dosing control.

Plus cannabis gummies can come in a variety of flavors and taste just like candy!

Gif of Fes from That 70's show saying "yum, liquid candy" while drinking from a bottle of amaretto
Oh Fez…yes, amaretto does taste like liquid candy (from That’s 70’s Show)

With that being said, take extra care to keep any and all cannabis & CBD gummies out of the reach of children & pets.

How & When to Use Cannabis Gummies

Start low, and go slow! In addition, many people opt for this method to remove the stigma of the act of smoking from the household (notice I said stigma of the act of smokingnot stigma of cannabis use).

For example, many parents are choosing to use CBD gummies for their young children experiencing epileptic seizures since they’re convenient & easy to administer, dose, conceal and travel with (i.e. no one around you knows if they’re infused or not).

No one needs to be judged for how they choose to use cannabis.

Why Would I Make Cannabis Gummies?

There are many, many brands on the market now that manufacture cannabis gummies, making it convenient to purchase and obtain. However, lab testing and potency can be highly variable depending on the farm, manufacturer, the lab itself, potential cross-contamination, etc.

In fact, according to this study from Johns Hopkins University that tested 75 edibles, only 17% of edibles had accurate labels for THC concentrations.

Let’s break that down further. 23% of those edibles had higher levels of THC than advertised, and 60% had far less

The issue with mislabeling is that it could put cannabis users at risk for adverse or unwanted effects, especially in those highly sensitive to the effects of THC.

On the other hand, if THC levels are lower than what’s labeled, then little to no treatment effect may be felt.

The same could also be true for CBD levels in cannabis and CBD (hemp-derived) gummies in which no THC is (or should be) present. This is especially critical for those required to be routinely drug tested & for states in which THC is not yet legal, requiring all products to have less than 0.3% THC.

So to avoid this, consider making your own cannabis gummies at home! This way you have full control over the potency, dose & accuracy. You can even send your products off for lab testing to see how you fare against the competition! 

There are several ways to decarb and infuse with cannabis. These methods are just some of my favorite methods. So please feel free to share yours & let me know how you liked these recipes in the comments below!

Before You Begin

Be sure to decarboxylate first! There are several ways to decarb cannabis at home, so be sure to go back to my Cannabis Decarboxylation: How to Decarb Cannabis at Home article to learn about the first (and most important) step in this process.

Once you’ve decarbed your cannabis to the potency you’re happy with (i.e. CBD vs. THC-dominant), you’re ready to start cannacookin’ ! (Remember, longer cook times for CBD-dominant products, shorter cook times for THC-dominant products). 

But first, you’ll need to decide which fat-source base you’d like to use: butter or oil?

Cannabis Butter Recipe

Also known as cannabutter, cannabis butter is an ideal base for edibles since cannabinoids are fat-soluble and protein-binding which maximizes its therapeutic effects.

And if you can nail this recipe (no Gordon Ramsey skills required), then your cannakitchen will become the hops-iest place on earth for all kinds of cannabis-infused confectioneries!

There are a few different ways to make cannabutter such as a slow cooker or infusion machine, but below is a super simple & classic method using the stovetop.

Prep Time: 5 minutes Cook Time: 4 hours

Note: this will produce a distinctive cannabis aroma during the cooking process

green vibes only cannabutter will have a green hue from the chlorophyll found in cannabis flower with green cannabutter in a pitcher with sticks of butter and cannabus buds

Equipment:

Ingredients:

  • 1 ½ cups water
  • 8 oz. melted or clarified butter/ghee (or solid coconut oil for a vegan, dairy-free option)
  • ½ oz. decarbed cannabis (higher or lower amounts depending on your preferred potency & budget)

Reefer Recipe:

  1. Add water and butter to saucepan on low heat.
  2. Once butter has melted, add the decarbed cannabis, mixing until well-incorporated. Cover with lid.
  3. Simmer mixture gently for 4 hours, stirring every 30 minutes to make sure there is no burning (try not to lift the lid all the way up to prevent heat loss). You want to maintain a temperature of 185°F, so check the temperature often with a candy thermometer to ensure it doesn’t get too hot or too cool.
  4. After 4 hours, strain the butter using either a cheesecloth or mesh strainer into an airtight glass container or mason jar. Allow butter to cool to room temperature first before using or storing. 
  5. Then either use your cannabutter immediately in recipes, in coffee, on top of pancakes or toast, or keep it in the fridge/freezer in an airtight glass container or mason jar for up to six months.

Recipe Notes

  • Don’t be alarmed – final product will have a green hue due to the chlorophyll content in cannabis flower.
  • When using in recipes, use the same amount of butter you would in a non-infused recipe.

Cannabis Oil Recipe

Sometimes referred to as cannaoil, this can be a great vegan-friendly, dairy-free, gluten-free fat-source base option not only for infusion or ingestion but also as a topical for self-care. Nothing like versatility!

You’re likely already familiar with the categories of cannabis oils:

  • Hemp Seed Oil
  • Cannabinoid-specific Oils – THC oil, CBD oil, CBN oil, CBG oil, etc.
  • Infused Cooking Oils
  • Extracts, Concentrates or Distillates

Just like with cannabutter, you can also make cannaoil in a slow cooker or infusion machine, but below is a classic stovetop method.

Prep Time: 5 minutes Cook Time: 4 hours

Note: the below recipe is for cannabinoid-specific oils & will produce a pungent cannabis odor during the cooking process

Cannaoil will look exactly like regular cooking oil when finished with pitcher of oil, cannabis plant, and four cookies on a baking sheet

Equipment:

Ingredients:

  • 16 oz. carrier oil of choice (i.e. MCT, coconut, olive, avocado) – I used avocado oil
  • 1 tsp. lecithin (optional)
  • 1 oz. decarbed cannabis with predominant cannabinoid of choice (higher or lower amounts depending on your preferred potency & budget) – I will be using THC-dominant flower in my cannabis gummies recipe (since it is legal in my state, and I react well to & enjoy its effects)

Reefer Recipe:

  1. Add oil to medium saucepan or double boiler over low heat. If you’re choosing to use lecithin, add it here.
  2. Now add the decarbed cannabis, mixing until well-incorporated. Cover with lid.
  3. Simmer mixture gently for 4 hours, stirring every 30 minutes to make sure there is no burning (try not to lift the lid all the way up to prevent heat loss). You want to maintain a temperature of 185°F, so check the temperature often with a candy thermometer to ensure it doesn’t get too hot or too cool.
  4. After 4 hours, strain the oil using either a cheesecloth or mesh strainer into an airtight container or mason jar. Allow oil to cool to room temperature first before using or storing. 
  5. Your cannaoil is now ready to be used in your favorite foods & drinks, topically on hair, skin and nails or stored in a cool, dark, dry place or fridge in an airtight glass container or mason jar for up to six months to a year.

Recipe Notes

  • This method is no different for THC- or CBD-dominant flower.
  • If you notice distinctive oil separation when adding cannaoil to beverages, add 1/4 to 1/2 tsp. of liquid lecithin. Adding this during infusion may help reduce excess oil separation.
  • Potency may change over time as THC naturally decarbs to the most sedative cannabinoid, CBN.
  • If using as a topical agent for hair, skin and nails, consider storing in an amber roll-on bottle or dropper.
  • Since your final product will look no different than regualr cooking oil, be sure to store your infused & non-infused oils in separate locations to avoid unintended dosing (especially in children & the elderly).
  • When using in recipes, use the same amount of oil you would in a non-infused recipe.

Recipe: How to Make Cannabis Gummies

Now that you’ve got your decarbed fat-source, it’s time to get cannacookin’ !

PRO TIP: If this is your first time making gummies, then I highly recommend making at least one non-infused practice batch first using regular oil or butter. The last thing you want to do is waste your weed before you’ve improved your cannaculinary skills!

Yields: ~20-22 gummies (depending on the size of the mold openings)

Prep Time: 15 minutes Cook Time: 15 minutes Set Time: 30 minutes Air Dry Time: 24 hours

ingredients to make cannabis gummies with infused cannabis oil, food-grade flavor drops, liquid lecithin, lemon juice as a mold inhibitor, two pineapple-shaped silicone mold trays, unflavored gelatin and three pipettes on a wooden surface

Equipment:

Ingredients:

Reefer Recipe:

  1. Add ½ cup water to a bowl.
  2. Using a whisk, slowly incorporate unflavored gelatin into water. Set aside to settle (mixture will be thick with an unpleasant smell**). *Note that this amount is based on personal preference. In some instances, 1/2 cup (i.e. 2 packets) of unflavored gelatin may produce a more desirable texture/thickness. Don’t be afraid to experiment.
  3. In a double boiler, place water in bottom pan over medium-high heat. Just before boiling, turn heat down to low to simmer.
  4. In top pan, whisk cannabutter (or cannaoil) & lecithin together. If using butter or solid coconut oil, melt first before incorporating with lecithin.
  5. Add ½ cup water to additional small saucepan and bring to a boil. Then add lemon juice (or potassium sorbate) and entire flavored sugar-free Jell-O packet to boiling water. Stir until dissolved.
  6. Carefully take the small saucepan, and slowly pour contents into top pan of double boiler (with butter or oil & lecithin) while whisking to blend ingredients. Avoid splashing. Mixture should now look opaque with a brighter hue.
  7. Next add the gelatin/water mixture (from step 2) to top pan of double boiler. Whisk vigorously & consistently for 10 minutes to avoid any clumps. Add flavor drops (if using). Mixture should now look even more opaque in a slightly lighter/pastel hue.
  8. Fill pipette (or squeeze bottle) with gummy mixture, and carefully squeeze into your mold trays. If your mold openings are big enough, you can use a pourable measuring cup to slowly fill each mold (that’s what I wound up doing here).
  9. Set for at least 30 minutes before removing from molds.
  10. Remove gummies from molds, place onto parchment paper and allow to air dry for 24 hours on the countertop or fridge. Once fully cured, store your gummies a cool, dark, dry place or fridge or freezer in an airtight glass container.
bowl with half cup of water, empty measuring cup and 4 unflavored gelatin packets by Knox on a wooden cutting board and suggestion to use 3 packets with cannabutter and 4 pacekts with cannaoil
Step 2: 1 packet = 1/4 cup
unflavored gelatin and water mixture with whisk in empty measuring cup, bowl of gelatin mixture, and four empty Knox packets on a wooden cutting board
Step 2: Mixture will be thick

half cup of cannabis oil in measuring cup with 1 teaspoon of liquid lecithin that should be doubled in your recipe on wooden cutting board
Step 4: Liquid lecithin has a molasses-like consistency
stovetop aerial view of whisked together cannabis oil and liquid lecithin in copper pot
Step 4: Whisk until blended
brighter opaque gelatin mixture with blended cannaoil, lecithin, lime-flavored green Jell-O and lemon juice on stovetop with words bright opaque gelatin mixture
Step 6: opaque consistency with a brighter hue
lighter/pastel opaque gelatin mixture with blended cannaoil, lecithin, lime-flavored green Jell-O, lemon juice and thick gelatin mixture on stovetop with words more opaque with a lighter/pastel hue
Step 7: more opaque consistency with a lighter/pastel hue
ten green pineapple shaped cannabis gummies in pineapple shaped mold tray with cannabis grinder on wooden surface
Steps 8 & 9
twenty individual green pineapple shaped gummies air drying on parchment paper on a wooden cutting board
Step 10
24 hour air dried gummies on parchment paper with 20 green pineapple shaped gummies with noticeable oil separation
After 24 hours of air-drying in the fridge****.
Noticeable oil “sweating” during drying process (even with lecithin) & why they need to dry for a minimum of 24 hours.
cannabis gummies final product with 12 green pineapple shaped gummies on a wooden cutting board with scattered cannabis bud and ceramic pineapple decoration
Final product! I suggest lightly patting each gummy with a paper towel to remove excess oil residue before storing or tossing with coconut sugar or acid***.

Recipe Notes

  • *If using boxed gelatin with packets, 1 unflavored gelatin packet = 1/4 cup
  • If you notice either a strong cannabis taste or overwhelming gelatin flavor/aroma in your gummies, this is where you can use the food-grade flavor drops, which lend no color. This is common when using sugar-free Jell-O.
  • If you use regular Jell-O, the flavor drops may or may not be necessary depending on your preference. When choosing to use these, add them (in your desired amount) during step 7 with the gelatin/water mixture.
  • ***Or if you’re storing them together, you can lightly toss your fully-dried gummies (after 24 hours) in coconut sugar (for a sweeter flavor) or citric acid (for a more sour flavor) to keep them from sticking together. Otherwise keep gummies stored with spacing between them.

Air Drying Notes

  • ****“Sweating” of oil may occur during this drying process like in the above photo. For this reason, I recommend placing gummies in the fridge or freezer immediately to dry for better environmental control. You’ll also avoid air particles from landing on your gummies.
  • The biggest consideration in the drying process is that there is NO heat as this will melt your finished products. If this does happen, you can always reform your gummies starting with step 8 above.

Mold Inhibitors

Since we’re making fresh products that tend to retain a lot of moisture, there is potential for mold growth, especially if you don’t plan to use them within 2 weeks.

In order to combat this, you’ll need an acidic preservative agent to act as a mold inhibitor, such as lemon juice or potassium sorbate, neither of which adds any flavor or acidic taste.

Lecithin

Lecithin acts as an emulsifier that can help prevent oil separation in finished products.

Even if using cannaoil with lecithin already added during the infusion process, you’ll still need lecithin in this recipe to fully incorporate all ingredients. And if you’re using cannabutter, you will most definitely need to add lecithin for the same reasons.

In addition, don’t expect liquid lecithin to be runny. It’s closer to a molasses consistency & can be somewhat sticky.

Why Sugar-Free Jell-O?

Typically, when the munchies hit, we often crave something sweet & sugary (not always, sometimes savory). But the problem with sugar is that it’s one of the quickest ways to bring down your high.

Read more about the endocannabinoid system here & here, but as noted above, fat and protein are most optimal to ensure a long-lasting sensation since cannabinoids are fat-soluble and protein binding

You can totally make this recipe with regular Jell-O, but if you really want to maximize the therapeutic (and intoxicating) effects of edibles, I’d recommend going with a sugar-free option.

And whether you have diabetes or not, you’ll be doing your blood sugar a favor! Why not kill two birds with one stone(r)??

How to Infuse Store-Bought Gummies with Cannabutter or CannaOil

Don’t have the time (or patience) to make your own cannabis gummies at home? 

You can simply buy store-bought gummies of choice and/or cannaoil from a dispensary. Or go half store-bought and half homemade.

Whether you choose store-bought gummies or non-infused homemade gummies (i.e. the first batch you practiced with), simply inject each gummy with either cannaoil or melted cannabutter.

You can find blunt tip syringes on Amazon for this purpose. Synergies make it very easy for you to dose each gummy since you’ll know exactly how much you’re injecting into your gummy.

You could also do this with a tincture by simply dropping a few droplets onto each gummy, and allowing it to soak into the gummy for 4-5 hours in the fridge.

How Much Should I Take?

This is where you’ll really want to start off slowly. If it’s one of your first times, whether store-bought or homemade, try starting with ¼ or ½ of a gummy

You may not feel any effects at this dose, and that’s ok. You’ll need to build some tolerance first so that you don’t over-intoxicate, which could really ruin the entire experience and any future experiences. And I don’t want that to happen to you!

Health is a state of body. Wellness is a state of being quote by J. Standard with metal bowl, votive candles, spring flowers, mortar and pestle and rolled towel.

Go Forth and CannaConsume Responsibly!

Now all that’s left to do is enjoy the fruits of your labor. 

If you opted for CBD gummies, trial your doses during the day when you have lighter responsibilities or at night when you have a bit more downtime, especially if you’re unsure if you properly decarbed for CBD-dominance.

When choosing THC cannagummies, get yourself prepared for when it kicks in with your favorite music or movie, some ambient lighting, your favorite “bud”dies (whether that’s people, pets, books or snacks), and enjoy the slow ride.

Let me know how you liked these recipes (or how I can help you troubleshoot) in the comments below!


>>> If you enjoyed this article, then you’ll want to make sure to go back & read: Cannabis Decarboxylation: How to Decarb Cannabis at Home before getting started on your cannagummy-making journey! <<<


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Until next time, go Pineapple Express Yourself!


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